Our Vision

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Agreement targets

Costa Rica submitted its NDC with a target of 9.37 MtCO2e emissions by 2030 and shows an indicative emissions level of 10.9 MtCO2e emissions by 2021 (including LULUCF). The CAT estimates the target to be 14.9 MtCO2e excluding LULUCF for the 2021 projections and 12.3 MtCO2e excluding LULUCF for 2030 target (see assumptions for details on how we derive emissions levels excl. LULUCF). For 2030, this is equivalent to 101% above 1990 levels and equal to 2010 levels excluding LULUCF. Costa Rica also has a long-term target aiming at keeping emission below 5.96 MtCO2e by 2050 including LULUCF (Ministerio de Ambiente, 2015).

The NDC lists mitigation options under four broad categories (Ministerio de Ambiente, 2015):

Reducing energy demand and GHG emissions
Decarbonisation of energy supply
Fuel switch for final use
Management of carbon sinks
2020 targets

Costa Rica communicated that it will implement a “long-term economy-wide transformational effort to enable carbon-neutrality”, that is, to have zero net emissions including LULUCF (UNFCCC, 2011). It adds that this target will help Costa Rica to significantly deviate from ‘business as usual’ emission scenarios from now until 2021 and beyond. In its previous assessments, the CAT interpreted this target to mean carbon neutrality by 2021, based on the National Climate Change Strategy (ENCC) from 2008.. Since the NDC—the most recent document—clarifies that target year for carbon neutrality is 2085, we disregard the previously announced target.

In their NDC (Ministerio de Ambiente, 2015)Costa Rica gives an extremely different interpretation to the NAMA, namely being carbon neutral by 2085, starting in 2021. Indeed, according to the NDC, the definition of carbon neutrality by 2021 is completely redefined and changed to “(achieve) total net emissions comparable to total emissions in 2005”. The reasons for the change in the interpretation of the pledge, which in practical terms means a delay in climate action of 64 years, are unclear. Compared to the pledge, however, the NDC is more precise. The NDC provides exact net emission projections for 2021 (10.9 MtCO2e), 2030 (9.3 MtCO2e) and 2050 (5.9 MtCO2e) as well as a per capita net emissions projection of -0.27 tCO2e by 2100.

Copenhagen pledge

NAMA ‘

“Long term economy-wide transformational effort to enable carbon-neutrality”

Conditions International financing

Paris Agreement target
Ratified Yes
2030 target 9.37 MtCO2 by 2030 incl. LULUCF [equivalent to 10% above 1990 levels and 8% below 2010 levels by 2030 incl. LULUCF]

Long term goal(s)
5.96 MtCO2e by 2050
-0.27 net tCO2e per capita by 2100 including LULUCF

Costa Rica submitted its NDC with a target of 9.37 MtCO2e emissions by 2030 and shows an indicative emissions level of 10.9 MtCO2e emissions by 2021 (including LULUCF). The CAT estimates the target to be 14.9 MtCO2e excluding LULUCF for the 2021 projections and 12.3 MtCO2e excluding LULUCF for 2030 target (see assumptions for details on how we derive emissions levels excl. LULUCF). For 2030, this is equivalent to 101% above 1990 levels and equal to 2010 levels excluding LULUCF. Costa Rica also has a long-term target aiming at keeping emission below 5.96 MtCO2e by 2050 including LULUCF (Ministerio de Ambiente, 2015).

The NDC lists mitigation options under four broad categories (Ministerio de Ambiente, 2015):

1. Reducing energy demand and GHG emissions

2. Decarbonisation of energy supply

3. Fuel switch for final use

4. Management of carbon sinks